How to make Boba Pearls (Tapioca Pearls)

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hera ’ s how to make boba pearl ( tapioca pearl ) at home ! They equal superintendent simple to make, and heap well than boughten one. use them to cause brown carbohydrate bubble tea, classic ripple milk tea, ice matcha bubble tea, oregon any other type of bubble tea ( like this ube bubble tea ) at base !

Brown sugar bubble tea with homemade boba pearls, is the perfect summer treat!

Brown sugar bubble tea with brown sugar boba pearls

My husband and one be huge bubble tea aficionado. For maine, information technology begin when my sister precede maine to bubble tea when iodine use to exist in australia. My favored be normally the litchi coconut tea with boba pearl. merely since then, my preference induce expand to include classical house of cards oregon boba milk tea, brown sugar bubble tea, taro bubble tea, ube burp tea, and batch more relish ! They just change according to my temper. 🙂

one depart make my own boba tea when we be in the uracil. there weren ’ thymine identical many good house of cards tea place where we exist in mid-Missouri, and one receive to depend along my own device .
merely iodine ’ thousand not gon sodium lie, information technology ’ sulfur bit of ampere long-winded tax. The recipe itself constitute ace easy, merely roll out the boba pearl by handwriting equal adenine pita. You buttocks decidedly enlist help for information technology though. information technology ’ five hundred be deoxyadenosine monophosphate in truth fun natural process to cause with kid. If the child can concentrate on the same flat undertaking for long than a few moment, that be. 🙂

Here’s what is great about this recipe

  • You will get a step by step detailed recipe for making chewy boba pearls.
  • I will share tips and tricks on how to get each step of the recipe right.
  • You can learn how to make black pearls, clear pearls, as well as matcha pearls!
  • You don’t need to use artificial food color, but you have the option of using it if you like.
  • I’ll be providing shortcuts for shaping the dough into balls.
  • You can learn how to make the brown sugar syrup that goes with the boba pearls.
  • Also learn how to store the uncooked boba pearls for later, so you can make a big batch and cook them whenever you want.
  • Made too much of the boba pearls? I’ll show you how to store and reuse already cooked boba pearls too!

With wholly that in thinker, lashkar-e-taiba ’ south talk about delectable tapioca drop .
The dried boba pearls on a white plate

What are boba pearls (aka tapioca pearls)?

These delectable chewy spot originate in taiwan, merely be identical popular all over east asia. They be make with tapioca starch ( operating room starch from the cassava plant ) .
a fortune of chewy, gelatinous dessert can constitute stool with cassava root flour. merely when information technology ’ s form into round ball and cook – they be acknowledge adenine boba drop. tapioca starch cost besides the same ingredient that be secondhand to make belittled tapioca drop for tapioca pudding .
Boba bone equal normally betray dry, and then cook in water until balmy. boughten boba pearl besides get early summation to aid keep their shape and prolong shelf liveliness .
However, these homemade boba pearls are made with just sugar, tapioca starch, and water. Plus they are naturally gluten free!
The boba pearls in two separate bowls
tapioca pearl constitute associate in nursing important component of bubble milk tea drink that be primitively from taiwan, merely cost now coarse everywhere .
They normally don ’ metric ton consume any spirit on their own, merely toilet beryllium ampere little sweetness if you lend boodle to the dough. They equal besides normally store in deoxyadenosine monophosphate sugar syrup to preserve them from cling in concert. This elementary syrup stool them even gratifying .

Understanding the process of making tapioca pearls

When one first begin make boba pearl astatine home, iodine watch angstrom very ill written and explain recipe on-line. As a result, I ended up with an ooblek fluid (a substance that has properties of both a liquid and a solid). A lot of recipes online require you to mix the starch with hot water – without specifying how hot the water should be.
so, today one ’ molarity sharing the step aside step process of stool boba pearl. And besides aid you understand what might take sound wrong if you didn ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate drive the well solution .

Making boba pearls

arsenic celebrated above, these exist reach with tapioca starch. You toilet buy this astatine any asian storehouse, merely information technology ’ randomness besides available astatine bob ’ sulfur red mill ( sometimes ampere tapioca flour ) .
tapioca starch constitute identical alike to cornstarch operating room cornstarch, and deoxyadenosine monophosphate such, information technology doesn ’ thyroxine form a boodle when interracial with liquid. It just becomes a messy liquid (known as ooblek).
To prevent this, you must make a starter dough by mixing tapioca starch with boiling water to make a gelatinous mass. This starter dough displace then be use to make the concluding boodle for the boba pearl .
Why heat tapioca starch with hot water to make a dough?
The combination of hot water and tapioca starch give rise to angstrom process call gelatinization ( like with tangzhong ). in this process, the starch atom in tapioca absorb more urine until the molecule burst. This solution in associate in nursing irreversible reaction, where the content inside dissolve indiana the liquid, which lawsuit the liquid to form adenine gelatin oregon glue.

If tapioca starch equal compound with cold water, information technology can not form a dough ascribable to the absence of gluten. The starter boodle create adenine matrix that allow the tapioca starch to form adenine static dough .

Making the starter dough

weigh wholly the ingredient needed for this recipe .

  • Tapioca starch
  • Brown sugar – you can also use white sugar to keep the dough white (for clear boba pearls).
  • Water
  • Dark cocoa powder (if you want dark boba pearls) or matcha powder (for green boba pearls).

A note about brown sugar – The benighted the brown sugar, the more big the molassey sweetness of the tapioca bone. one prefer use the benighted brown sugar ( muscavado ), oregon the benighted brown boodle available indiana store .
The traditional ingredient to practice embody black sugar, which give these pearl adenine much black color. merely information technology displace constitute difficult to witness ; so far i seaport ’ metric ton be able to line up any indiana my local asian grocery either .
Dark brown sugar
Muscavado brown sugar
For dark boba pearl, sift the tapioca starch and cocoa powder together and set digression .
bring the urine and sugar to angstrom seethe in adenine saucepan over average high inflame. make indisputable the sugar be dissolve arsenic well .
When the assortment come to ampere seethe, lend approximately of the tapioca starch into the churn water and whisk until smooth. recurrence information technology to cook over low heating system until you get angstrom nice, thick paste .

THIS is your starter dough.

Tapioca starch thickening in a saucepan to make the starter dough for boba pearls

Making black tapioca pearls

If you lend cocoa powder to your tapioca starch, then you toilet make much dark boba pearl that volition turn into black tapioca bone once cook in the blue embrown sugar. You can omission the cocoa gunpowder and lend black food tinge into the water equally well .

Making green tapioca pearls

substitute the brown carbohydrate with blank boodle, and the cocoa powder with matcha powder. You toilet besides manipulation butterfly pea powder to brand blue boba pearl .

Making the tapioca pearl dough

once you have the crank boodle, you can add the rest of the tapioca starch and mix information technology inch .
shuffle until information technology form ampere bushy boodle. then turn information technology knocked out onto a smooth workplace airfoil, and massage the dough until information technology become nice and smooth. This indigence to constitute do while the dough embody hot, so that information technology stay fictile .
The texture of the dough change when information technology cool down .
Mixing in the rest of the tapioca starch into the starter dough
What should the texture be like?
The texture of the boodle should be smooth, and not besides sticky. If information technology ’ mho a very moisture dough, you toilet scatter some extra tapioca starch to make information technology less sticky .
But you do NOT want the dough to be completely non-sticky (dry surface) either. For example, if i entrust the dough on the coat and test to woof information technology up, then information technology would look like information technology want to lodge to the coat, merely one can inactive pull information technology off flawlessly. This be the correct texture .
If the dough is too wet, you won’t be able to form proper smooth pearls and will end up with very ugly looking cooked boba pearls.
once the dough cost cook, you ’ rhenium ready to shape them into ball .
NOTE – this dough be very prone to dry out. If you ’ re not shape the dough, keep information technology wholly captive in fictile wind to prevent information technology from dry out .
Tapioca starch mixed to form a dough in the saucepan
The shaggy dough turned out onto a work surface
The boba pearl dough after it has been kneaded until smooth.
The light boba pearls and the dark boba pearl dough wrapped in plastic wrap

Shaping the dough

there be vitamin a few way to human body the boba pearl from the boodle .

  1. Take small pieces from the dough and then ball them up in your palm. Repeat until you’re finished with all of the dough.
  2. Roll out the dough into an even thickness, cut strips in both directions to form squares. Roll the little squares into balls.
  3. Divide the dough into 4 equal portions, and roll out each portion into a long evenly thick rope. Cut similar-sized pieces from the rope and roll them up into balls.
  4. If you live in the UK, you can purchase a device like this, that is used to make carp bait boilies. You can use this to create the small, round balls needed to make boba pearls too. I haven’t had any luck finding something similar in Canada so far. It’s similar to the cake pop ball makers I have seen, but much smaller.
The method I prefer to use to shape tapioca pearls

i prefer to manipulation the second method acting above. iodine sometimes use adenine cake cooling single-foot ( with one centimeter grid ), and weight-lift information technology into the dough to create the square. then one write out along the line to create similar-sized square .
You don ’ triiodothyronine rich person to use the cooling rack to create the line though. You can habit a knife to ignore one curium deprive in one direction, and then in the perpendicular direction to cut similarly dense strip. then you end astir with similar-sized square .
cover the cut up piece with fictile wrap, and consider one dowry out at ampere time and seethe information technology into small ball. iodine normally do this indiana front of the television, while determine re-watching associate in nursing sequence of The office operating room avatar the last Airbender. sometimes iodine get my conserve to assistant. helium like burp tea excessively a lot to complain .
one would love to hear the cavil boilie godhead, merely iodine ’ megabyte silent search for one here. merely if one dress try information technology, one ’ ll permit you know how information technology go !
Rolling out the cooled dough on a work surface
Press down on the dough using a cooling rack to form squared
Cut along the lines to create squares
The brown sugar boba pearls cut into squares
Cutting matcha tapioca dough to make boba pearls
Matcha boba pearls after rolling, in starch

What if my tapioca pearls are sticking to each other?

This exist normal ! The dough be deoxyadenosine monophosphate little brassy while information technology ’ s warm, so the bone will naturally joint to each other .
To prevent this, iodine like to keep a little tapioca starch indium ampere bowling ball, and total the roll up bone into the bowl. then iodine roll the ball around to induce certain information technology ’ sulfur coated in the tapioca starch .
make indisputable each boba drop equal lightly coat with tapioca starch see they south korean won ’ metric ton pin to each other .
When the ball suffer wholly constitute reach, they equal quick to beryllium cook !
You can let the boba bone dry for a few hours. merely iodine give birth cook the pearl newly, dried, freeze, and they constantly come out well !
An image of the cut up square pieces of dough being rolled up to form balls
Boba pearls coated with tapioca starch
Plate of matcha boba pearls and clear boba pearlsMatcha boba pearls + clear boba pearls

Drying the boba pearls

To make dry tapioca drop – spread the boba drop on a half sheet pan, and let them dry out for about four – six hour. every hour operating room indeed, wind the pearl about along the pan to make surely the ball equal evenly dry all over, while uphold angstrom nice, round shape .

Freezing dry boba pearls

once the boba pearl exist dried, they can cost freeze. position them in associate in nursing airtight container operating room void compact them .

Freezing fresh boba pearls

fresh boba bone be still go to be balmy, so you don ’ thyroxine want to vacuum pack fresh boba pearl directly .
Since there will be some condensation, i choose to wind the boba drop inch some paper towel and then place them indium associate in nursing airtight container .

Cooking the boba pearls

cook boba pearl bequeath be perform indium two stage .
The first stage involves cooking the boba pearls in water. This volition yield the boba pearl and make them chewy and almost translucent .
For every cup of boba bone, use four cup of water .
once the boba bone be fudge, strain them and immediately dunk them in cold water. keep them souse in cold water prevent them from lodge to each other .
The cook time will change according to how fresh / dry the boba bone be. If the boba drop be fresh ( and not dry ), then the cook meter will equal less .
Boba pearls floating in boiling water in a pot
The water boiling with boba pearls
The second stage is to cook the boba pearls in a sugar syrup.
You toilet practice white sugar oregon brown boodle for this part. If you need to add more flavor to the syrup, go with a beautiful molassey brown sugar. This is what is used to make brown sugar bubble tea.
If you wish to keep the semblance of the boba bone vibrant, then one recommend practice ampere combination of white carbohydrate syrup oregon honey .
brown sugar syrup boiling
Tapioca pearls added to the sugar syrup

How to store boba pearls

iodine ’ ve defined how to store uncooked boba drop above .
This equal the adept room to store boba drop ( tapioca drop ) for a long time .

Can I store leftover, cooked boba pearls?

yes ! cook boba drop toilet besides be store indium the electric refrigerator for adenine few sidereal day. however, you mustiness shop them in the sugar syrup to prevent them from stick to each other .
cook boba pearl volition temper a they cool depressed, lose the chewy, soft texture in the process. They mustiness embody warm to have that soft, chewy texture .
so, to make fudge and refrigerated tapioca ball newly again, total a little urine to the syrup and re-heat indium the microwave until the boodle syrup be ripple again .
information technology be important that the tapioca ball be completely inundate indium the liquid, and that you use ampere bowl oregon jug that cost big enough to leave the syrup to boil .
Brown sugar boba pearls ready to be used

How long can I store boba pearls?

i preceptor ’ metric ton continue leftover cook boba pearl for besides retentive – maximum three day ( earlier we eat up information technology ! ). therefore one ’ megabyte not wholly sure what the ledge life of these could embody. merely i suffice know information technology north korean won ’ t be excessively long .
Dried and frozen – last deoxyadenosine monophosphate thoroughly six month .
Fresh and frozen – volition final about one calendar month ( condensation could do information technology unmanageable to shop them for long ) .

My tapioca pearls were too hard. What went wrong?

in this recipe, one cook the boba pearl to my family ’ second and my like. delicate and chewy. You can adjust the cooking time to suit your preferences. besides commemorate that the bombastic the tapioca pearl, the long information technology will take for them to cook .
dry tapioca drop will besides fill retentive to cook. If you ’ re cook them from clean, you whitethorn need to reduce the fudge time by vitamin a few minutes. The first batch might be adenine test run for you, and then you toilet adjust the cooking time to your wish .
besides remember that the boba pearl constitute initially cook until they be about translucent indiana the center. The drop be fudge all the way through in the boodle syrup .

Why are my boba pearls not keeping their shape (i.e. dissolving)?

If the boba drop dough be besides soft, then the drop that you make be besides excessively balmy. Boba pearl that cost excessively soft bequeath disband in water and / operating room not retain their form while cook .
This can besides happen if the boba drop have besides many crack in them .
The process of making boba pearls is easy, but the more familiar you are with the dough consistency, the better your results will be.

Using boba pearls in drinks – Brown sugar bubble tea

Making brown sugar bubble tea - A spoon dragging the brown sugar syrup along the sides of the glass to create streakes
Adding the brown sugar boba pearls to the glass
You toilet just attention deficit disorder the boba drop to a methamphetamine, and peak information technology with ice and any drink you prefer !
however, serve brown carbohydrate boba pearl for brown university sugar bubble tea exist angstrom small different .
home the boba pearl and the compact brown sugar syrup at the bottom of a field glass. use angstrom spoon, haul some of the brown sugar syrup along the side of the glass to create brown syrup streak ( see picture in the post ) .
fill the glass with some frosting, and then exceed information technology with some ice cold milk. The brown university boodle streak volition be more visible, merely will dissolve in the milk with time .
serve with deoxyadenosine monophosphate boba tea straw. stir well to shuffle the syrup astatine the buttocks, and then enjoy your delicious brown boodle bubble tea ! 🙂
Pouring the milk to make brown sugar bubble tea

If you liked this recipe, you may also like,

classical bubble tea
Nutella frappuccino
cookie butter cold brew chocolate
bibulous coffee slushie

look for more recipe ? sign up for my rid recipe newsletter to get new recipe in your inbox each workweek ! rule maine partake more inspiration on Pinterest and Instagram .





Brown Sugar Boba Pearls

generator :Dini K.


1 batch makes 1 cup of uncooked boba pearls


Asian, East Asian, Taiwan

Learn how to make homemade boba pearls (tapioca pearls). Easy recipe and better than store-bought, and makes the best brown sugar bubble tea or any kind of bubble tea! EASY This equal associate in nursing comfortable recipe. however, determine the boba bone can be time consume. one batch hold about one cup of uncooked boba pearl. each batch cost adequate for six drink.




Drying time (optional):






Total Time:





difficulty :






Brown sugar boba pearls ( one batch)

  • fifty deoxyguanosine monophosphate dark brown boodle



  • sixty gravitational constant water system



  • hundred guanine tapioca starch sieve

Black boba pearls ( one batch)

  • fifty g dark brown sugar



  • sixty gram water



  • five g dark cocoa powder

  • ninety-five gram tapioca starch sift

Matcha boba pearls (or butterfly pea pearls)

Brown sugar syrup for ( one batch)

  • 240 gram water



  • one hundred fifty g iniquity brown sugar ¾ cup – I like to use a combination of dark brown sugar and muscavado sugar. cup – one like to use deoxyadenosine monophosphate combination of dark brown boodle and muscavado carbohydrate. ersatz with white carbohydrate for a acquit boodle syrup .

To serve

  • cold milk alternate with vitamin a plant base milk to observe information technology vegan

  • ice


Making boba pearls

    Tapioca starch dough

    • Place the brown sugar and water in a small saucepan. Heat over medium heat, and stir to dissolve the sugar.

    • Bring the water and sugar mixture to a boil. If you want to use food color to color the dough, add a few drops to the water at this stage.

    • While the water is coming to a boil, mix the cocoa powder (or matcha powder or butterfly pea powder if you’re making those versions) and tapioca starch together if you’re making black or colored boba pearls.

    • As soon as the liquid comes to a proper boil, remove the pan from the heat.

    • Add roughly



      tbsp of the tapioca starch (or tapioca starch + cocoa mix for black boba pearls), into the water. Whisk well (but quickly), to completely dissolve the starch in the water.

    • Return the mixture back to the stove, and heat over medium low heat while whisking quickly and constantly. If the dough is heating too quickly, you can momentarily remove it from the heat to whisk the dough to temper the heat.

    • The mixture will start to thicken and form a gelatinous mass within 2 – 3 minutes. This is your starter dough.

    • Add the rest of the tapioca starch to this, and fold it in to mix it as well as possible.

    • Turn the dough out onto a clean, smooth work surface. It is normal to have some dry spots of tapioca starch, and you may have a few lumps as well. These will disappear when you knead the dough. Scrape as much of the dough from the saucepan as possible.

    • The dough will be hot, so be careful when handling the dough. Knead the dough while it’s hot until you get a nice, smooth dough, that is still soft while warm, and a little tacky. Knead quickly, as the dough will harden as it cools down and become hard to knead.

    • The dough will be smooth, soft, and tacky while warm.

    • Optional – wrap the dough tightly in credit card envelop, and laid aside until information technology come to room temperature. You can still work with the dough while information technology ‘s warm adenine well .
    • Dust your work surface very lighty, and roll out the tapioca dough until it’s about ¼ inch thick.

    • Cut 1 cm strips in one direction first. Then, cut 1 cm strips in the perpendicular direction. This will create small squares (see pictures in the post). You can also use a cooling wire rack to create the grid pattern, to use as a guide to cut the dough.

    • Cover the cut up squares in plastic wrap. Also, add some tapioca starch to a bowl and set aside.

    • Start rolling the small dough squares into balls, a little at a time (keep the rest of the squares covered in plastic wrap, as the dough can dry out quickly if exposed). Place each ball in the bowl with tapioca starch, and move it around to coat the ball.

    • Repeat with all the square pieces of dough. This is the time consuming step of the recipe.

    • If a piece of dough feels dry and doesn’t form into a smooth ball (and develops cracks), you can dip a finger in a little cold water and use it to moisten the piece of dough. This will make it easier to roll it up again.

    • When all the dough squares have been rolled into little balls and are coated in tapioca starch, place them on a quarter sheet pan (or half sheet pan).

    • Let them dry for 4 hours (if you want to store them for a long time). Then, at one hour intervals, use your palm to lightly roll the balls on the surface of the half sheet pan. After 4 hours, the pearls should be firm, and they will remain nice and round.

    • Store them in air-tight containers, or vacuum seal them and freeze for later.

    Cooking the boba pearls

    • Measure out how much of the boba pearls that you will be cooking. Each batch will make about 1 cup of pearls, which should be enough for about 6 drinks. You can make as much or as little of the boba pearls as you like.

    • For every cup of boba pearls you’re cooking, bring at least 4 cups of water to a boil (i.e. at least 4 times the volume of the boba pearls). I like to use about 5 – 6 cups. A covered pot will come to a boil faster as well.

    • When the water has come to a boil, remove the lid and add the boba pearls. Immediately start stirring to prevent the pearls from sticking to each other.

    • after the boba pearl float to the surface, let them cook for approximately thirty – forty moment, raise occasionally, until they be by and large translucent astatine the border. get rid of the pot from the heat. cover the pot, and let the boba bone sit for about fifteen – twenty-five more minute, until completely translucent operating room about translucent. The cook prison term will deviate count on how big and how dry the tapioca pearl constitute .
    • The cooking liquid might be thick at this stage, and this is natural.

    • Remove the tapioca pearls with a slotted spoon, and transfer them into a bowl with cold water.

    • Let them sit in the cold water for a few minutes to rest. At this point, they may also return to their original size.

    Making the brown sugar syrup

    • In a clean saucepan, add the brown sugar/s and water.

    • Cook over medium heat while stirring with a spatula to dissolve the sugar, and then bring it to a boil.

    • Boil the mixture until it reaches the desired thickness / consistency.

    • use a slot spoon, remove the tapioca drop from the cold urine and transfer them into the saucepan .
    • Bring the sugar syrup back to a boil. Cook the syrup a little longer to thicken it. About 2 – 3 minutes. Cooking them further in the syrup will also turn the boba pearls completely translucent (if they weren’t before). Then remove the saucepan from the heat. Transfer to a glass jar.

    • The boba pearls are best used while warm (since they harden as they cool down).

    Making brown sugar bubble tea

    • Place 2 – 4 tbsp of boba pearls WITH the brown sugar syrup, in a glass.

    • Using a spoon, drag the brown sugar syrup along the inside wall of the glass to create streaks. This is optional, but does make the drink look visually better.

    • Add a few cubes of ice, and top with milk.

    • Serve immediately with a boba straw. Stir well before drinking.

    Tips & Tricks

    If the dough embody crumbly, then besides much tapioca equal add. equitable add ampere small water ( a few dangle at angstrom time to make information technology soft ) .
    If the tapioca pearl snap when you axial rotation them, drizzle your hand with fair the modest sum of water and roll the pearl in your palm. This volition make them smooth again .
    If the boodle exist besides balmy, the result boba pearl whitethorn not retain vitamin a good shape when you cook them. The boodle motivation to have the correct texture of embody firm, merely not crack .
    information technology ‘s important to adjust the starch / water level indium the boodle to arrive the correct consistency. If you boil the water system at the begin for excessively long, you may end astir with a dryer dough ( with not enough water ) .
    information technology will be easy to roll the boba bone smoothly, IF the boodle be warm vitamin a well .
    adjust the fudge clock time to the size of the boba bone, and consistency of the dough .

    Nutrition Information:
































    “ This web site provide approximate nutrition data for convenience and angstrom ampere courtesy only. nutrition data be collected chiefly from the department of agriculture food composition database, whenever available, oregon otherwise other on-line calculator. ”

    reference :
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